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EMPLOYMENT IN THE MINES - 1871 to 1878

This page has the numbers of miners extracted from articles by Geoffrey Warrington.  A separate page has a table showing the names and occupations of a number of people associated with the mines derived from original research.   We have also extracted short biographies of some of the key persons involved with the mines since the end of the 17th century.

ALL MEN (from census)

 

TOTAL

1871

Age: 12 or less

5

 

51

  13 - 15 4    
  16 or more 42    
  Total 51    
  UNDERGROUND ABOVE GROUND  

1872

38

13

51

1873

Age: 12 or less

6

8-12

1

13 - 15

5

 

 

16 or more

24

18 or more

13

Total

35

Total

14

49

1874

Age: 12 or less

4

8-12

1

13 - 15

8

 

 

16 or more

22

18 or more

13

Total

34

Total

14

48

1875

?

?

?

1876

28

13

41

1877

22

13

35

1878 

0

?

?

Oakes Level was driven by 2 men and 2 boys and it was expected to take 4 to 5 months to drive 36 fathoms. Assuming a 6 day week, this represents a driving rate of about 2 feet a day on average.   Shotholes were normally about 3 feet long but the effective distance driven by one round was probably nearer 2 feet.  With 8 or 9 holes in a heading, this would mean that an average shothole would take about an hour to drill.  If three feet were gained with each round, then the time per hole would be about one and a half hours.

Source: Reports of the Inspectors of Mines and 1871 census

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